Large numbers of books written in Czech were burned for confessional reasons – for example, Jesuit Antonín Koniáš alone is credited with burning as many as 30,000 Czech language books. Gradually, the Czech language was reduced to a means of communication between peasants, who were often illiterate. Therefore, the Revival looked for inspiration among ordinary Czechs in the countryside.
As a result, the Czech language has been restored as an official language in the Czech lands and is now used by the vast majority of Czechs, and serves as an official language in the Czech Republic. However, due to the Revivalists’ reverence for the outdated language of the Kralice Bible, which they used as a model for their grammars and dictionaries, a gap emerged between the everyday, colloquial language, and the learned language of literature.
The Czech national revial was made possible by two pieces of law enacted by Emperor Joseph II. In 1781 he enacted the Patent of tolerance, which provided for religious freedom,and a patent for the abolition of serfdom, which allowed former serfs to move about freely without restrictions,or being dependent on their land holding nobility. This allowed the general population to travel , and exchange ideas, study in distant places, and conduct long range business transactions, which greatly enhanced the use of the Czech language.
But it was t the decision of Joseph II. to impose German as the official language, as the language of the instruction in all Czech universities, and secondary schools. It was these restrictions on the Czech language, that ignite fierce opposition from the leading figures of the Czech nation, creation the seeds of the Czech national revival.
With the renaissance of language, Czech culture flourished. Czech institutions were established to celebrate the Czech history and culture. The National Theatre opened in 1883 and the National Museum in 1818. And in 1873 the foundation stone for the building of the Cathedral of St. Vitus, Wenceslas and Adalbert. The Cathedral was completed and consecrated in1929, at the time of the. St. Wenceslas millennium.