Classicism and Empire style in Prague
approximately between the years 1780-1850.
Classicism means the “return to classic,” a return to the classical antiquity. This architectural style is closely associated with the “enlightened ruler” of Joseph II. (1780-1790). The style originated in and takes its name from the rule of Napoleon I of the First French Empire, when it was intended to idealize Napoleon’s leadership and the French state. The style corresponds in that intent to the Biedermeier style in the German-speaking lands, Federal style in the United States, and the Regency style in Britain. The previous style in France was called Louis XVI style.
The classicism and Empire style are typical adorned with images of: laurel wreaths, the heads of the Emperors, vases, pearls etc.
This era is characterized by a curb on the power of power of the Catholic Church and the Jesuit order. The Jesuit order was abolished in 1773 by decision of Pope Clement XIV under pressure from the French Bourbons noble family.
Which was followed by a wave of closure of churches and monasteries, unleashed a Josef II. in the late 1800s.
Also an important event took place in Prague in 1784 – 4 of the city of Prague has been merged (old town, new town, lesser town and Hradcany), and the United Prague, as we understand it today.