The lifelong efforts of Charles IV. rewarded him, by being crowned the Margrave of Moravia, King of Bohemia, King of the Holy Roman Empire and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The pinnacle of Charles IV coincided with the development of literature and book illustrations, stone, sculpture (e.g. triforium in the Cathedral of St. Vitus Cathedral, old town bridge tower) decoration and painting-murals.
The culmination of the Gothic art in the Czech Kingdom in the 14th century. century was the construction and decoration of the chapel of St. Vaclav in the Cathedral of St. Vitus Cathedral.
The early Gothic period falls into the last of the Přemyslid dynasty.
In the 13th century, three settlements around the Prague Castle gained the privilege of a town. The settlement below Prague Castle became the New Town of Prague in 1257 under King Otakar II, and it was later renamed Lesser Town (or Quarter) of Prague — Malá Strana.
The Castle District — Hradčany which was built around its square, just outside Prague Castle, dates from 1320. Across the river Vltava, the Old Town of Prague — Staré Město had already gained the privilege of a town in 1230.
It was also the time of the creation of the first cities – the old town of Prague (1234, Václav I.) and Malá Strana (1257, Přemysl Otakar II).
Church of St. Martin “in the wall.” an early Gothic church built into the fortification walls surrounding the Oldtown
Early Gothic architecture came to Prague in the 1230s in the building of the St. Agnes convent located on the edge the Old Town of Prague.
The early Gothic convent managed to be relevant thanks to the interior renovation is the 19th century and today the monastery houses collections of the National Gallery of medieval and early Renaissance art.
Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor Gothic architecture and Prague,are three intertwining expression.
Gothic Prague dominated the historical city center, because it was during his life and reign 1316 – 1378,that Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, bringing it wealth and importance ,which translated to monument like the Astronomical clock, Charles Bridge, the St. Vitus cathedral at the Prague Castle, but also the founding of the New Town of Prague.
The architectural history of Prague begins with the oldest visible architectural style, Romanesque or Norman architecture, dating to between the 11th and 13th century
“Romanesque” meaning “descended from Roman” because it utilized the Roman semicircular arch.
Examples of Romanesque architecture in Prague.
Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its very thick walls small windows and simplistic, plane appearance sizable towers and stone slab roofs.