Gothic architecture in Prague III
The early Gothic period falls into the last of the Přemyslid dynasty.
In the 13th century, three settlements around the Prague Castle gained the privilege of a town. The settlement below Prague Castle became the New Town of Prague in 1257 under King Otakar II, and it was later renamed Lesser Town (or Quarter) of Prague — Malá Strana.
The Castle District — Hradčany which was built around its square, just outside Prague Castle, dates from 1320. Across the river Vltava, the Old Town of Prague — Staré Město had already gained the privilege of a town in 1230.
It was also the time of the creation of the first cities – the old town of Prague (1234, Václav I.) and Malá Strana (1257, Přemysl Otakar II).
Church of St. Martin “in the wall.” an early Gothic church built into the fortification walls surrounding the Oldtown