Neo or Revivalist architecture came into vogue in the early 1800s and was a natural course of progression from the Empire style.
Revivalist architecture took its inspiration from previous historicial architectural styles and adapter them to the needs and taste of the mid -1800s, creating a imposing and monumental building that are classes as Neo-gothic, Neo Renaissance, Neo-Baroque.
Gothic Revival architecture often has certain features, derived from the original Gothic architecture style, including decorative patterns, finials, scalloping, lancet windows, hood mouldings, and label stops.
In this era of national revival Prague experienced an expansion of its city limits, with the creation of industrial suburbs such as Karlin and Smichov, this industrial attachments to the city also reflected its growing wealth, which paid for the building of spacious modern boulevards such as the Wenceslas Square, Charles square, the National avenue.
Also this period brought about the building of several bridges over the Vltava rivers so that Prague did no have to solely rely only on the Charles Bridge as a means of crossing the river.
Along with architectural change came a desire for political change, since the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, Czech lands suffered from the Germanisation politics of the Hapsburg Emperors.
The oppression was also connected with religion – up to 95% of the inhabitants of Bohemia were Protestants when the Habsburgs took power. Although the Habsburgs formerly promised freedom of religion, they started rampant anti-reformation and re-catholization efforts which made most of the Czech elites flee the country. This violent re-catholization is also one of the reasons behind today’s Czech atheism.
During the two following centuries the Czech language had been more or less eradicated from state administration, literature, schools, Charles University and among the upper classes.