Mala Strana in Prague Hotels

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Prague hotels in Mala Strana

Second, only to Hradčany in views and atmosphere, Mala Strana is filled with inspiring and exciting inns, pensions and hotels. These are easily accessible from anywhere in the city. From Prague hotels and attractions it is easy to walk through them after a long day out.                                                                                                 Mala Strana is just a stroll across the Charles Bridge with all the entertainments of the Old Town. Prague hotels and attraction clearly shows us that although the district attracts a large number of visitors the setting has not changed from the way it was centuries ago. They have not been affected by modern changes and renovations.

History                                                                                                                                From Prague hotels and attractions we learn about the historical development of the district dating back to 1257 when it was founded. Mala Strana was founded by the unification of a number of settlements below the Prague Castle under one umbrella. The original inhabitants of these settlements were German craftsmen invited by the king. Although the city was royal the King did not have control over all of it. In the second part of the 14th century, Mala Strana was extended by the King and Emperor who built a defensive wall around it called the Hunger Wall. During the religious wars of 1419-1420, it was burnt down. This necessitated some renovations. However, in 1541 it was again destroyed by fire.

Rob’S Prague Architectural Tour www.robsarchitour.com
Prague historical architecture on home architecture styles with www.robsarchitour.com

Baroque Architecture predominates in Mala Strana but the history of the district dates back to far before the Baroque era.The baroque style of architecture became dominant after the 1541 fire.From Prague hotels and attractions we see that after the Baroque era, development was in the direction of the Renaissance style. Many Palaces of nobilities were built there.

Location                                                                                                                              Mala Strana (Lesser Town) derives the name from its position on the left(west) side of the river Vltava on the slopes just below the Prague Castle. This is in opposition to the larger Towns of Prague on the right bank to which it is joined by Charles Bridge. The district was originally called the New Town beneath the Prague Castle after 1257 when it was founded. When the King and Emperor Charles the IV founded the New Town in 1348 it was renamed Lesser Town of Prague.In the 17th century, the unofficial name Little Quarter was first used. All these we learn from Prague hotels and attractions.

Rob’S Prague Architectural Tour www.robsarchitour.com
Prague historical architecture on tour groups with www.robsarchitour.com

Hotel Accommodation                                                                                                     During Prague hotels and attraction we are able to visit a  number of cosy hotel accommodations in the district.

1. Hotel Hoffmeister. Pod Bruskou 7

A good option for those more interested in exploring romantic Prague than in business. The lobby and rooms are filled with original works by the artist Adolf Hoffmeister who is also the father of the present owner. It has a superb wine bar with a good selection of International and Moravian wines.

2.Blue Key Hotel. Letenska 14.Prague 1

It is a 14th century Town House. The rooms are fitted with moderate Italian furniture. Most of the rooms are fitted with a kitchenette. Thre is an option of having a room facing the courtyard or overlooking the street.

3.Hotel Sax. Jansky Vršek 328|3 Prague 1                                                                          Located up the hill from Malostranské Naměstí, it is a good choice for those who want to be in quieter environments. It is well equipped.The food and wines are commendable

4. Hotel Pod Věži. Mostecka 2. Prague 1                                                                            This is a good option for those who want to be in the thick of  Mala Strana. It just a few minutes walks from Charles Bridge. The rooms are very luxurious. It prides itself as a retreat place for the visitor.

5.Kampa Hotel. Všehrdova 16. Prague 1

It is located on a quiet backstreet in Mala Strana.The architecture is 17th-century style through recent renovations. The rooms are elegantly arranged. There is a vaulted-knight Hall with the outdoor garden restaurant.

6. Hotel U Pava. U Lužiskeho Seminaře 32. Prague 1                                                        Located in a serene corner of  Mala Strana with a refreshing environment it is gives the appearance of good rest. Some suites have views to the Castle. The ceilings are dark oak with chandeliers.

7. Hotel Na Kampě 15. Na Kampě 15. Prague 1                                                                  Prague hotels and attractions take us to another enchanting architecture.This newish venture affords the views of Charles Bridge and Old Town yet it is far enough to provide the peace and quiet. It was a 15th-century tavern that used to brew one of the cityˇs pioneering brands of beers. The cellar restaurant and back beer garden have a varied menu with assorted Czech and French wines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Art Nouveau in Prague Architecture

Art is the use of the imagination to make things of aesthetic significance. This can be conceived in various aspects of culture, technology and design. Prague hotels as a whole have many aspects of design. from Gothic, Renaissance down to Art Nouveau.

13471224This form of art is an international style of art, architecture and applied art. It cuts across a wide range of objects from buildings, jewellery, decorations, utensils, dining sets, cutleries to the clothes we wear just to mention a few. It was most popular between 1890-1891. Prague hotels take us through some of these objects. It was a reaction to the academic art of the 20th century. The basis was the natural forms and structures particularly the curved lines. These lines could be of plants and flowers. It became very popular with artists. A good example is the works of the Czech Painter Alfons Mucha. In different environments, it is known by different names for example in the Czech lands it is known as Seceze. The philosophy of the art is that should be a way of life.

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By 1910 from Prague hotels we understand that it was already out of style. It was replaced by Art Deco which from Prague hotels we see in the architecture of Colloredo-Mansfield in Prague. It is relevant therefore from the architectural point of Prague hotels to highlight some of these structures built in Art Nouveau style.

Hotel Paris                                                                                                                          It is one of the Art Nouveau Prague hotels located in the centre of Prague’s Old Town. It was built in 1904. In 1984 it was declared a historical monument.

Palace Hotel                                                                                                                       Another of the Prague hotels of significance built in Art Nouveau style. It is located in the very centre of the city, just on the borderline between the historic Old and New Towns. The area of land where the constructed was first mentioned in the archives in 1378. It was then the residence of one of the Aristocrats of King Wenceslas IV. After this, it was transferred to different families at various times. At the end of the 19th century, it was demolished. In 1903 it was developed in Art Nouveau style and completed in 1909. In 1924 it was acquired by a new owner who turned it into a luxury hotel. From this time onwards it became the focal point of the cultural and social life of Prague.In 1986 it was closed down for renovation and reopened in 1989 just in time for the Velvet Revolution. It has been the choice accommodation for a long list of world-renowned visiting dignitaries.

Francouska Restaurace                                                                                                     One other interesting structure of the Prague hotels is the Fracouska Restaurace(French Restaurant). Built in 1912 it is situated in the right wing of the     Municipal House. It has a stunning interior decorated with a ceiling of stucco geometric ornaments and paintings from famous Czech Sculptors. It boasts of high-quality food accompanied by jazz or live piano music. It was twice given  International Awards for good hotel management.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COLLOREDO-MANSFIELD PALACE

Prague Hotels for the tourist, businessman and others having something to do in the city is a worthwhile experience. It is important to note that Prague Hotels does not mean a chain of hotels or a particular hotel in Prague. Prague Hotels stands for all hotels located in Prague.

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Almost all of these hotels are located near not too far from one monument or another. Prague Hotels come in various categories ranging from five-star to the ordinary. Some are located in old buildings with some architectural history. Others are located in buildings with the latest form of architecture. In addition to this, they all offer services comparable to most Western European standards. Our point of interest is the Colloredo -Mansfield Palace. It is about 25mins walk from Rudolfinum and 15mins from Charles Bridge. Located adjacent to the Old Town Square it is surrounded by various Prague Hotels.                                                                                                                                                                                                                History and Architecture

It has a unique location in the most frequented sites of the Old Town Square. It achieved prominence on the foundations of a Romanesque and Gothic built -up area and a Renaissance house. At various times it was the property of different individuals or families. Between 1736-1737 Prince Heinrich Paul von Mansfield-Fondi who at that period was the owner requested that the Palace should be redesigned.The original design was High Baroque. The Palace interiors received their final Neo-Rococo appearance in 1860 by the Auersberg family. In 1900 they further transformed an extensive part of the building.Prague Hotels takes to the luxurious rental house which was part of the modification.

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Apart from being linked to various well-known individuals of various eras, it is also linked to various events. Some of these are:

*The last session of the Royal Council of the ˇˇWinter Kingˇˇ Frederick V after the battle of the white mountains.                                                                                         *After the second world war, it was used by the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.

Other areas of interest in the building                                                                             *The best-preserved dance hall whose decoration was completed between 1736-1737.                                                                                                                                      *Ceiling frescoes with the assembled Olympian gods.                                                  *The history and the architectonic qualities of the palace.                                          *A unique experience of the spaces filled with the traces of history.                          *Complex relation of modern society to its historical heritage.                                  *Prague Hotels tours highlights the art-historical and architectural qualities of the building.

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*Specific atmosphere of the Palace some parts of which has survived in their authentic conditions.                                                                                                          *In connection with the above other spaces affected by modifications in the past and traces of their use at that time.                                                                                 *The results of modifications (historical, artistic) and other restoration researches. *History of the Palace as well as the former owners.                                                     *Social and cultural life of the Palace in the past.                                                           *Cultural exhibitions from various countries that are available in the in the Palace connected to Prague Hotel tours.                                                                                   *The intentions of the Prague City Gallery for its future use associated with Prague Hotel tours.

 

Brutalism in Czech Architecture

Prague hotels of brutalism.Brutalism is an art form involving distortion and exaggeration used to create an effect of massiveness. In architecture, it is the use of large exposed concrete areas without windows to suggest massiveness and strength. It emerged from the modernist architectural movement and flourished from 1950-1970.

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It is a form of architecture that cuts across the five continents. In capital cities of Independent Africa, it is one of the landmarks.Prague hotels take to some of the Brutalist Structures in Prague. During the days of Communism, there existed a few of them. However, it must be appreciated that communist ideology cuts across every sphere of endeavour including arts and culture. It is a form of architecture that applied to every sphere of structures (Institutions, Hotels, Museums, Embassies etc). Through Prague hotels, we learn the history behind some of them.                                                                                                                                                    Hotel Praha                                                                                                                               This hotel existed between the years 1981-2014 when it was demolished. Located in Hauspaulce area of Prague about 30 mins by tram from  Prague Castle it was built by the then Communist Regime to accommodate visiting high-level foreign diplomats and Heads of  States.Construction started in 1975 and was completed in 1980. In 1981 it was opened for use During construction some of the best professionals in every area arts and culture of that time participated. After 1989 velvet revolution it was debated whether it should continue to function. some people were in favour of its continuity proposing that it should be made a national monument because it was a symbol of the architecture of its time.Some others were against its continuity. Some of the reasons given were sentimental, political and aesthetics relation to its surrounding.It was eventually sold off and demolished in 2014.                                                                                                                                     Hotel Intercontinental                                                                                                             Prague hotels take us to another interesting brutalist structure named Hotel Intercontinental. It is located in Pařižska Street about 45 mins walk from the famous Charles Bridge. Constructed with typical elements of the brutalist architecture (raw concrete and sturdy rectangular shapes) it is an extensive building. From Prague hotels inspection it could be seen that the main building is of raw concrete and glass windows with ceramic units. The external shape is divided into units of sections along the height of the building so as to rhyme with the surrounding architecture. Between 1992-1995 it was renovated and a garden added to the whole building.                                                                                                             Hotel Olympik Prague                                                                                                             This building is located in the historical Karlin area of Prague. From Prague hotels tour we take about an hour by tram and underground to get there from Hotel Intercontinental Prague. It was built between 1967-1971 and opened to the public in 1973.The building has 21 floors and is 73m high.In 1995 it gutted by fire which resulted in extensive damage. It hosts many conferences and business gatherings.                                                       20160108133832_LfJ68x--c800x509                                                                                                                                       President Hotel                                                                                                                    Prague hotels take us to another impressive site, the President Hotel. The site was originally the former structure which housed the Association of Engineers and Architects in 1927. It is a combination of two objects with different levels. Later the building was completed in monolithic style. Currently, it is one of the most important monuments of the Czech Brutalism of old Prague. During the floods of 2002, it was badly damaged and had to be closed. It was thereafter renovated and modernised. From Prague hotels, we are informed that it was re-opened in 2004  offering luxury and comfort

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ČERNIN GARDENS IN PRAGUE

Introduction                                                                                                                        Visitors to the fascinating Prague Castle can stop by another historical and interesting edifice, the Černin Palace. It is about 20mins walk from Prague Castle.

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The area adjacent to Prague Castle is serene. Zahrada the Czech word for garden gives the imagination something to think about. What comes to mind is a venture into the unseen and sometimes artistic and cultural creation of sensational delight. Černin Gardens is such a place.It was designed as part of Černin Palace.Total surface area is about 17.1 hectares.After years of neglect, it was eventually renovated.

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History                                                                                                                               The palace was designed in 1669 for Humprecht Johann Černin the Imperial Ambassador to Venice.Work commenced in 1693 on the construction of the gardens. Various Architects and Gardners participated in the construction until its completion by the grand-children in 1723. During Prussian wars of the middle of the 18th century, it was badly damaged. It was again restored with some modifications. After this, the owners relocated to Vienna and the entire place was left unoccupied. In the middle of the 19th century, it acquired by the then  Marriage Registry and became a barracks. However, the baroque gardens and the object were restored to its former design. This time another smaller garden was added. In 1928 it was acquired by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Other points of interest                                                                                                    A visit to Prague Castle and the surrounding objects of interest are takes us to other parts of interest in the gardens such as

*Two big fountains on the garden grounds constructed in 1693.                                 *Cascading fountain which is smaller in size.                                                                 *Other smaller fountains.                                                                                                 *Two pools and a summer house.                                                                                   *Statue of Hercules from the middle of the 18th century.                                             *Four garden terraces which are decorated by the two pools.                                     *A former frontier stone placed in the garden after the fall of Communism.This stone was used at the Czech-German border.It was given to the Czech Ministry of External Affairs as a symbol of the opening of the borders. A visit to Prague Castle takes us there.                                                                                                                   *The newer part of the garden which has a free composition with groups of trees visible from a high point of the Prague Castle

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Rudolfinum-Things to see in Prague

Things to see in Prague leads us to Prague points of interest.One of Prague points of interest is definitely the Rudolfinum or House of Arts north of the new town (nové město).The site along the banks of the Vltava was not included in the new design by Josefov.

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Rudolfinum-Things to see in Prague

All the nice looking buildings have their backs turned to the old ghetto.Twenty minutes walk from Charles Bridge takes you to Jan Palach Square(Naměstí Jana Palacha).Jan Palach was one of the students who set themselves on fire in protest against the soviet invasion of Prague .Dominating the square is the Rudolfinum or House of Arts.It was built in between 1876-1884 and named after Rudolf II crown prince of Austria.A Noe-classical style building funded by the Czech Savings Bank it is a good example of Prague points of interest.The aim of the project was patriotism.The logo of the bank the bee of thrift is in the man-animal images in front of the river front entrance.In 1918 the concert hall became the parliament of the first republic.

All the nice looking buildings have their backs turned to the old ghetto.Twenty minutes walk from Charles Bridge takes you to Jan Palach Square(Naměstí Jana Palacha).Jan Palach was one of the students who set themselves on fire in protest against the soviet invasion of Prague .Dominating the square is the Rudolfinum or House of Arts.It was built in between 1876-1884 and named after Rudolf II crown prince of Austria.A Noe-classical style building funded by the Czech Savings Bank it is a good example of Prague points of interest.The aim of the project was patriotism.The logo of the bank the bee of thrift is in the man-animal images in front of the river front entrance.In 1918 the concert hall became the parliament of the first republic.

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Rudolfinum-Things to see in Prague

Construction Things to see in Prague takes us to the building which has two functionally different parts.These are the concert premises and the gallery.The facade of the concert hall with a rusticated elevated ground floor is separated from the ground floors by steps.It faces southwards to the present day Palach Square The facade is emphasized by columns with figures and topped by a balustrade decorated with vases and statues of famous musicians.The gallery part has two big corner towers in its northern facade with the same decorations.The entrance in the west front facing the Vltava leads to the impressive ceremony hall lined with 25 arches.The central ceremonial staircase leads up to the gallery rooms.Lighted ceilings ensure proper illumination of the collections.The building was opened in 1885.The first work to be played there was Ludwig van Beethoven’s The Consecration of the House. It became home of the Picture Gallery,Conservatory of Music and Museum of Industrial Arts. Reconstruction *The rehabilitation as an arts center began in 1940-1942 during the second world war.The Germans brought the building back to its original use if only for the German Philharmonic which was active in Bohemia until 1945.The original function and decoration of the concert stage and auditorium were restored.

The acoustics was improved .Another small concert hall(present day Suk Hall) was added. In 1946 the Czech Philharmonic returned to the Rudolfinum up the time of the major reconstruction in the 1990s.Furthermore the building was then shared with the Academy of Performing Arts and the Prague Conservatoire.During the period after 1946 the southern part continued to serve as a venue for concerts and other performances.The northern part which contained the ceremony hall was converted to a gym.Things to see in Prague takes us there. The Rudolfinum was dedicated as a cultural monument 1989 and therefore needed extensive reconstruction.Between 1990-1992 it was reconstructed and equipped with new technical equipment,air-conditioning ,security systems,gas boilers and many others. The staircase leading from the square is decorated with statues of muses.

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Rudolfinum-Things to see in Prague

The statue of the Czech composer Antonin Dvořak is located in front of the Rudolfinum. The excellent Dvořak Hall has 1023 seats. Cultural activities From things to see in Prague to Prague points of interest we note that classical music activities is vast.Prague offers an incredible range of classical options on any given night.The repertoire is performed by top quality musicians.The concert high point of the year is the Spring Festival.It attracts renowned conductors,orchestras, conductors,soloists and other performers from all over the world.The repertoire is both local and international.The event is from May to early July One of the anchor points of the festival is Rudolfinum known for its atmosphere and musical environment.Prague points of interest would make us appreciate the up-coming talents and innovations in the classical world.Things to see in Prague takes us to the future of art in the gallery of just around the gallery.

Parachutist assassination of Heydrich

On Prague tours we come across the marks left by the various world wars over the centuries.These could be seen on Prague tours in different places.Of particular interest during Prague tours is the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich.Heydrich was head of the Nazi Main Security Office.He was appointed head of the German protectorate government of Czechoslovakia in 1938.This when Czechoslovakia was declared a protectorate by Hitler.

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Prague tours, church of Cyril and Methedius

The relationship between the Czechs and the Germans is traditional and dates back to as far as the 9th century.Each nation had minority groups in each other´s territory.The attitude of Hitler therefore was not to destroy the country but to take from it material things.Furthermore the position of Czechoslovakia in Europe was central and strategic.Hitler wanted to show his authority without resistance from the people.

Operation Anthropoid

The word anthropoid is Greek and means like human.The aim was to weaken the confidence of the Germans who seemed to assume that they were invisible.This was to be achieved by the assassination of the of the German appointed head of state.Such actions was common throughout Europe in countries occupied by the Germans.Anthropoid was planned in London. The Czech government-in-exile headed by Beneš approved it.Two Czech parachutists Gabčíck and Kubiš were chosen and trained in England for the operation.They arrived in Prague and contacted members of the resistance group.Prague tours takes us to Bulovka where the operation took place.An attempt to shoot down Heydrich in his car failed and a grenade was thrown into the car wounding the driver,Heydrich and attackers.The attackers and the attacked were seriously wounded but did not die.Heydrich was taken to the nearest hospital for treatment but despite expert care died after one week.The attackers however escaped.

 

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Prague tours, church of Cyril and Methedius

The Church                                                                                                                       Prague tours takes us to the Baroque Church in Resslova Street in Prague.                The church is about 45mins walk from Charles Bridge.Built in the 1st half of the 18th century it was abolished as a place of worship and became military barracks In the 19th century it was used by the Czech Technical University.In 1935 the Czechoslovakian Orthodox Church restored it as place of worship.They the renamed it as THE CHURCH OF CYRIL AND METHODIUS.Incidentally Saints Cyril and Methodius were Greek missionaries who brought Christianity into Czech lands in the 9th century.

Result of the attack                                                                                                         It was in this church that the attackers found refuge after various habitations.The Germans put the whole nation under pressure to release the hide-out of the attackers.After many deaths and executions a member of the resistance group betrayed the hide-out to the Germans.There was a brutal attempt to capture the attackers alive .A fierce battle followed.The attackers who had only pistols had hidden themselves in the upper gallery of the church.In addition to guns the Germans used other means to make them surrender.After running out of ammunition,out-gunned and out-numbered they committed suicide.Their bodies were identified by the traitor.

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Prague tours, church of Cyril and Methedius

Casualties

During the battle some German soldiers were killed and others injured.The Germans then proceeded to brutalize and assassinate anything that was connected with planners of the operation.In all about 10000 people were murdered at various times and in various places.In addition to this the villages of Lidice and Ležaky associated with the attackers were levelled . To limit the level of German brutality the Bishop of the church claimed responsibility for harbouring the attackers.He was shot along with other members of the church.After the war he was martyred.In 1947 the traitor was put on trial and hanged.Prague tours takes us to the various memorials for victims of German brutality.

Kutna Hora – Czech rural architecture

The folk architecture of Kutna Hora

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Kutna Hora

About 100km from Prague in the district of the town Turnov is located a very unique , historical and  romantic structure. The entire lay-out is known by the name Dlask Farm -house(Dlaskův Statek).The structure is located in the Dolankach district on the E65 route about 3km from Turnov.It is unique by the fact that singularly it has over-shadowed all other land-marks in its vicinity.It is another distinct historical experience from Kutna Hora.

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Kutna Hora

It is also one of the best -known and best-preserved historic sights in the Northern Bohemian Region.In its configuration it is a classical example of folk-architecture drawing inspiration from its older german prototype. The walls are usually heavy straight long timbers placed on top of each other at a spacing of about 5cm .They are usually rectangular structures in shape.The space between the timbers forming the walls are filled with mud and painted or mortared.This forms the frame of the structure.The floor is made up of smaller timber members spaced closely to each other.The space is filled up in much the same way as the walls. The whole structure is finished at the top by a complicated net-work of slanted timber members .These are called rafters forming the gable roof.The farm-house has become a United Nations Heritage sight from the year 2010.

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Kutna Hora

The farm-house founded in 1716 was built as a home -stead by a family of farmers the Dlask family.Prominent in this family was the chronicler Josef Dlask.He was also the treasurer.A very educated man he left behind valuable memoirs.These memoirs describe the spiritual and material world of the bohemian farmer of the first half of the 19th century.

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Kutna Hora

The structure covers an area of about 2,500sq.m and was located near the river -bank.During the first half of the 18th century it was relocated to its present site because of incessant flooding from the river. At the expense of the owners a statute of the Holy Mary was installed in the late 18th century. The barns along with the sheds were also reconstructed and walled with stones.

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Kutna Hora

1n 1807 a timbered structure known as Rakousův Sroubek(granary) was relocated there from Maly Rohozce. The relocation of the granary from the near-by district was possibly part of an expansion scheme.
In the late 19th century it was sold by court orders and seized to be the property of the Dlask family.It gained prominence in 1885 during the ethnological exhibitions by czech architects on the theme ´´Wooden Strucures of Northern Bohemia´´. The renowned czech painter Jan Prousek included it in his works during this exhibition.The visitor to the site can examine  amongst others :

-Living quarters
-Main gate
-Domestic management quarters
-Ploughs used in farming
-Wooden laundry machine and drier
-Timbered structure or farm-house relocated from Maly Rohozce

It is in all regards a nostalgic recollection of peasant life in the 18th and 19th centuries

The object is recommended  for those visiting the Kutna Hora ossuary as a variation. it is therefore relevant to give a brief description of the configuration of the structure. In developed places of the world where there is a farm a farm-house is usually provided for products being produced whether animate or plant.However the configuration or arrangement might differ depending on the socio-cultural tendencies of the enviroment.

Unlike Kutna Hora because it was not possible to radically change the nature of the terrain and its undulation. Because of this the structures had to be constructed to align with the terrain.Initially the structures were bungalow- type. The innovation to make them one-storeyed(british definition) began in the 17th century.

The whole structure is put on hewn- stone foundation to a height of about half a meter above ground level.This is  done in order to protect the timber from rot resulting from under-ground dampness.

Kitchens and some sort of sitting where visitors are received are located on the ground floor.A chamber is usually provided on the ground floor for use by the older generation.Another important space is the ante-hall adjacent to the sitting area .This is for general circulation.What is today known as bed-rooms are located on the first floor or in the attic It must be noted that whether the structure is only ground floor or storeyed an attic is provided. The attic is usually an extra room or rooms with reduced height usually provided for the younger generation in the case of one-storeyed structure . .Natural lighting is provided by the use of windows embedded in the roof of the attic.This constitutes a seperate unit.The ground-floor is connected to the attic or first floor by a wooden stair-case.  The management unit of the whole object is another  structure or structures  consisting of a granary,cow-shed and stable. In some cases a cellar is provided ,For large agricultural outfits  barns are provided .                                                                                                                                      A visitor to Kutna Hora would certainly find the environment a welcome experience.This is more so because it provides more in-sight into czech history and development.

 

Petřin hill-Prague what to do.

Introduction

Prague what to do takes the visitor to many interesting places with different aspects. We begin with the Petřín Hill which you will notice  is covered with beautiful parks.For this reason it is a favourite recreational area for  both tourists and inhabitants of Prague.

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HISTORY

Rising about 130m above the the left bank of the Vltava river with total height of 327m it is located in the center of Prague. The word petřín comes from the latin word meaning rock.It is therefore very rocky.In ancient times rocks from this area were used in constucting many important buildings such as cathedrals,fortresses,palaces,bridges,towers and  many others.

LOOK-OUT TOWER

In 1891 the look-out tower was built in Petřín Hill.It very much resembles the french Eiffel Tower.The visitor on Prague what to do will understand that it is a result of the decision of a czech tourist club .The decision was taken when they visited Paris and liked the Eiffel Tower.On return home they gathered money for the building of a similar tower in Prague. Construction started in March 1891 and was completed in 4 months.Initially it was built for security reasons.In the mid-20th century an antennae for czech television was installed on it .At the end of that century it was completely renovated.This area is also a walking distance from Charles Bridge and overlooks the Lesser Town.This gives the visitor on Prague what to do plenty of views.

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Consruction

The tower is 63.1m high and was made of steel.Currently it is accessible by cable car or walking.Walking could be a major form of excercise because of the slope of the hill.It has 299 steps and 13 landings around the inside of the structure.There is an elevator to serve pregnant women,women with children and the physically challenged.

HUNGER WALL

History

Stones from the Petřín Hill were used to build the Hunger Wall.From Prague what to do the visitor will immediately recognise its use for defence.The wall was built between 1360-1362 at the orders of Emperor Charles the IV.It is about 4.5m high and 1.8m thick and well equipped for battle.Between 1624-1975  various repairs were carried out.There are still some well-preserved parts for people on Prague what to do will see.

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Legend surrounding the wall

There are legends surrounding the building o the wall.One of such legends is that the wall was built to give livelihood to the poor in the city.At that time there was famine in Europe caused by locusts. Another legend is that the Emperor spent several hours a day during construction to help his beloved people.Prague what to do visitor is invited to note that another name for the wall was Chlebova(built for bread)or Zubova(toothed).If the Prague what to do visitor comes accross the phrase´´ hunger wall´ˇ it also means useless work in Czech expression.

CHURCH OF SAINT LAWRENCE

We take a short break on Prague what to do to visit the Church of Saint Lawrence next to the tower.It was built in the 10th century in the roman architecture style but later rebuilt in the 18th century to the baroque style.Legend has it that it was built on a pagan shrine.Paintings decorating the place where baptism is done seems to confirm this.Two tall slender towers were designed with semi-circular baroque windows in the fore-front.These are topped by an onion-shaped dome with lantern and vessel for incence.It is a popular place for St. Laurence pilgrimages including pilgrimages around the chapels of calvary.

MIRROR MAZE

The origin of mirror maze stems from the hall of mirrors in the palace of Versailes in France.It is a common attraction at fun-fairs and amusement parks.The intention  of the mirrors is to give a complicated or confusing image of the viewer.It would be fun to visit the place during Prague what to do.It is housed in an iron-like  gothic castle. This castle is equipped with a movable bridge and battle  instruments.Besides this there is a wax colour- changing production.The production shows the Czechs defending Charles bridge against the Swedes in 1648.

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STEFANIK OBSERVATORY

Prague should be proud of its astronomical connections .Tycho Brahe(Danish) and Johannes Kepler(Polish) resided in the city at one time or the other.The obsevatory was founded in 1928 and named after the slovak astronomer Milan Rastislav Stefanik.The telescopes offer glimpses of sunspots and planets during the day .At night it shows  a  very wide range of stars and the moon.

STATUE OF KAREL HYNEK MACHA

While kids get the most out of the hill-top sensation grown-ups are not left out.The winding paths with apple,pear,and rowan trees offer a romantic Prague what to do attraction.The visitor will eventually end up in the company of Karel Hynek Macha the best known Czech romantic poet of the first half of the 19th century.He is also called the unofficial patron Saint of lovers.The leafy shelters are a favourite place  for lovers and relaxation.

 

What to do in Prague- a visit to the Jerusalem synagogue

what to to do in Prague?Discover the hidden sites of Jewish Prague

This week marked the end of Passover  what to do in Prague

to what to do in Prague.WHAT TO DO IN PRAGUE

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The exterior -what to do in Prague

Prague boasts of many attractions and therefore what to do in Prague is a very good thought. Some of these attractions are cultural, religious, artistic(old and new), entertainment and others. What to do in Prague is never a problem, Jewish  settlement in Bohemia is as old as the kingdom itself. During the second world-war Jewish property was taken but the synagogues were not destroyed. In Prague alone there are about ten out-standing synagogues of good architecture. What  to do in Prague takes us to one these called the Jerusalem or Jubilee Synagogue. It is called Jerusalem Synagogue because it is located in Jerusalem street. In what to do in Prague the visitor is never bored.

A detail of the Moorish style facade-what to do in Prague
A detail of the Moorish style facade -what to do in Prague

History what to do in Prague

It was built in 1906 during the re-organisation of the Jewish quarters. The former synagogue Zigeuner was demolished and another one built. The new synagogue was called Jubilee Synagogue in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the reign of  the Emperor of Austria. In 1918 when Czechoslovakia gained independence for political reasons it was called Jerusalem Synagogue. It was dedicated on 16\09\1916 during the Sunhart Torah festival. What to do in Prague would supply details of this festival.

The Bimah-where the Rabbi faces the congregation-what to do in Prague
The Bimah-where the Rabbi faces the congregation-what to do in Prague

Architecture what to do in Prague

When viewed from this point it is a mixture of Muslim form (Moorish) North Africa and new art. The face of the building is made of a pattern of red and white stones. There is a big horse -shoe arch bearing the star of David. On this is written words from the psalms of the holy bible and some words in the Czech language.       Internally it has three bays .These bays are separated by seven pillars. These pillars also carry the women’s´ gallery. Various sayings in Hebrew from the holy bible are written at different places. Some of the old tablets from the former synagogue are also installed there. Internal lighting is by large beautifully shaped lamps suspended from the top. External lighting into the building is done by large colored glass windows.

Standing in the main part of the interior.
Standing in the main part of the interior.

Other attractions what to do in Prague

The Jerusalem Synagogue has more treasures than any other in the world. Although it is the youngest in Prague it is the largest. With a sitting capacity for 850 people the size is larger than most others. All around the synagogue internally there are various kinds of works of art. Externally it leaves a lasting remembrance because of the way it is decorated. During what to do in Prague the visitor will notice that there are many entrances from the sides into the galleries.   During reconstruction in 1990 richly painted in Austrian style were discovered under the plastering .The front of the interior is decorated paintings of grape-vines. This represents harvest. Above this are tablets carrying the laws given by God to Moses. It is believed that no other synagogue in the world has such treasures.   The synagogue is still used for worship till today. Visitors  to Prague can join if they wish.